What is "Bando Bushi Zukan"?
The associate of "Let's make Tochigi warlord 'Fujiwar Hidesato' as a hero"
Miyamoto Co., Ltd. CEO Makoto Miyamoto
" Bando Bushi/Samurai" is known as the rise of the Samurai. They had set up a territory in "Bando area", which is Kanto today, in the aristocratic era of Heian. In the wilderness of Bando, Taira no Masakado, who formed the strongest samurai corps and dreamed of Bando's independence from the glittering city of kyoto where there was the Imperial court, is known to everyone as he appears in textbooks often. However, the establishment of the other samurai legends are hardly known to anyone other than history fans.
The association of "Let's make Tochigi's warlord 'Fujiwara Hidesato' as a hero" focuses on Bando Bushi/samurai in the northern Kanto region, including Tochigi, Ibaraki, and Gunma prefectures, which are ranked lower in the prefectural brand rankings. We aim to foster "regional love = civic pride" by introducing not only the historical facts but also legends such as folk tales, and re-recognizing the existence of value rooted in each region. I dream that everyone's passion who can work with us will lead to regional revitalization in Kita-Kantou (North of Kanto area) and the improvement for branding in Japan.
As the first chapter of this site, I would like to introduce the forgotten hero "Fujiwara Hidesato" from Tochigi prefecture, where we live, and his clan lives.
There are so many historical figures named "Fujiwara" that I can't memorise! But to know "Fujiwara no Hidesato", it is essential to know the history of Fujiwara clan! Introducing a chronological table about Fujiwara clan that we have made it easy to understand!(This contents is only in Japnese. Please wait till its translated.)
Who is "Bando Bushi/Samurai" ?
Who are they?
"Bando Bushi" originally set up a territory in the current Kanto region.
"Bando" is the name of an area that refers to the Kanto area, which has 1 metropolitan area and 6 prefectures, from ancient times to the Middle Ages and early modern times.
In the Heian period, when the national power became stable and peaceful, the military conscription by the imperial court was abolished, and only the army = Kondei protected the local security. However, in rural areas, a small battle occurred frequently, and security around the area deteriorated gradually. The imperial court again formed an army, but the scale was too small to rule, so the local lords of manor organized clan and territories to stabilize security. It is the beginning of how they formed a new force as Bushi/Samurai. After that, the Bushi/Samurai became stronger and became the center of society. Among them, "Bando" is the eastern end of the rule of the Yamato-Chotei (the Imperial Court in the Japanese Yamato period). Especially the present Kita-Kantou is an important area that confronts Ezo (Tohoku now) across the border. There were many conflicts in trade negotiations against Ezo as they were rich in supplies. That is where and when "Bando Bushi/Samurai" that many particularly brave Bushi/Samurai were born.
* It is also called "Kanto Bushi/samurai" in general.
Etymology of Bando
"坂" means a slope that descends from a mountain pass, and is a pass when entering the Kanto Plain from Saigoku (western area of Japan).
There are three ways to get in and out of the Kanto Plain, which is surrounded by mountains on the west side, which are Ashigara Pass, the Kobotoke Pass, and the Usui Pass. You go down the slope from the pass to the east (東). This is how it was called "Bando" in the sense of east (東) of "Slope (坂)".
【Bandou 8 countries' Map】
① Sagami Province (Sagami) (Kanagawa Prefecture)
② Musashi Province (Tokyo, Saitama, Kanagawa)
③ Awa Province (Southern Chiba)
④ Kazusa, Kazusa (Chiba)
⑤ Shimousa (Northern Chiba, southern Ibaraki)
⑥ Hitachi Province (Hitachi,Ibaraki)
⑦ Kozuke Province (Gunma)
⑧ Shimotsuke Province (Tochigi)
Later, it is also referred to as "Kan Hasshu," "Kanto Hasshu," "Hasshu," etc.
Also ... the etymology of Kanto
"Kanto" means "the eastern part of the centre of ancient Japan". Originally people called "Kanto" for those three major gates: Fuwa no Seki ("Seki" means gate) on the Tosan-do, Suzuka Seki on the Tokai-do, and Arachi Seki on the Hokuriku-do. It was said to be the beginning of the name "Kanto", and it had the same meaning as "East country". However, as the area of the central country expanded to the east, the area to the east of the present Chubu region was referred to as "Kanto". In this case, "Kanto" means east of Ashigara no Seki, Kobotoke no Seki, and Usui no Seki. It is a synonym of "Bando" in the sense of a slope descending from the pass.